During the 2008-2009 phase of the conflict, the SLRCS in cooperation with ICRC provided services to the affected people from within the territory controlled by the LTTE. The SLRCS Jaffna, Vavuniya, Mannar, Trincomalee, Batticaloa, Ampara, Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa branches, with support of several partner national societies and IFRC, responded in a coordinated manner as the crisis evolved.
During the first quarter of 2010, with the gradual relaxing of access restriction to the Northern region, the SLRCS and the RC Movement partners have developed an integrated programme to support the return and recovery of the IDPs. The programme is primarily in support of people who have been displaced due to the conflict and are either still displaced or in the process of resettlement. Similarly to the post Tsunami Community Recovery and Reconstruction Partnership the so called Red Cross Post Conflict Recovery and Reconstruction Programme will support the peoples process of reconstructing their homes by providing cash grants (according to the GoSL run NHERP model), grants for reconstruction of community infrastructure, technical support and community mobilization in the areas of livelihood, health and care, disaster preparedness and hygiene promotion.
The programme is carried out in partnership with German Red Cross and IFRC supported by Japenese RC, UAE RC and South Korean RC in close coordination with Government Authorities. In a first step it will assist up to 2,000 families including support to host families and communities.
The basis of primary target population for the programme is Kilinochchi, Mulativu and Mannar districts as well as conflict-affected areas of Vavuniya, Trincomalee, Jaffna, Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa districts.
Furthermore, it is acknowledged that some of those displaced are either displaced to or intend to return to other areas in Sri Lanka and therefore these populations too could be considered for support under the programme. It is also recognised that some of the returnees were affected by the 2005 tsunami that struck that region and were displaced by it as well as by the conflict.
Meanwhile another project to provide health assistance to returnees who had been displaced by the conflict and the development of interethnic confidence for affected populations in Eastern Sri Lanka was also launched by the Red Cross.
The three year project is funded by EU with 2.989.530 Euro, with German Red Cross contribution.
The major activities of the program launched in September 2009 include the Reconstruction and Rehabilitation of 7 health facilities, Mobile health clinic in Trincomalee district, Health awareness raising campaigns and Promotion of humanitarian values.